WTERT-India is co-founded by the National Environmental Engineering Research
Institute (NEERI) and the Earth Engineering Center of Columbia University.
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Green productivity approaches to Municipal Solid Waste management – Turning waste into resource

Solid waste management (SWM) has become a global issue and is of a major concern, especially in developing countries, due to various environmental problems, including generation of greenhouse gases from landfills. Municipal authorities generally fail in fulfilling their adequate services due to insufficient funds and ineffective legislation. This paper focuses  on the potential for energy generation from MSW and  on exploring avenues for improving waste management through green productivity approaches- turning waste into resource The present work shows the current waste management practices of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) of India, including collection, transportation, treatment and disposal systems. It also highlights the possible improvement for sustainable solid waste management considering the technological, institutional and financial factors. A conceptual framework for upgrading the technological aspects is also provided. One of the results that are achieved through the implementation of these initiatives is the vast reduction in the mass and volume of waste. This alone represents a major breakthrough in reducing transportation and traditional landfill-disposal costs. In addition, several development activities such as processing, energy generation, and farming will be created, creating new employment opportunities for the local population and leading to income generation and poverty reduction. The explosion in world population is changing the nature of SWM from mainly a low priority, localized issue to an internationally pervasive social problem. Risks to public health and environment due to solid waste in large metropolitan areas are becoming uncontrollable. There is a pressing need for sustainable approaches for SWM. Steps are being taken by the government, but still a more systematic approach is required along with the usage of latest and cost-effective technologies at various possible levels.

Keywords: Open dumps, Solid waste, Urban Local Bodies (ULBs), Waste generation, Waste treatment

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1. Report of the Task Force on Waste to Energy (Volume I) (In the context of Integrated MSW Management) Click Here
2. Report of the Task Force on Waste to Energy (Volume II) Click Here

3. Energy from Waste – Clean, efficient, renewable: Transitions in combustion efficiency and NOx controlClick Here