WTERT-India is co-founded by the National Environmental Engineering Research
Institute (NEERI) and the Earth Engineering Center of Columbia University.
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City development integrated and self financed municipal solid waste management model for India

Growth of Indian cities without any plan for waste disposal has led to multiple issues and concerns. Waste dumping, environmental hazards, health hazards and rodents growth are few to name. Closure of landfill sites by pollution control board and legitimate blockage of waste dumping at landfill sites by nearby residents compounds the problem. The purpose of this study is to arrive at a robust solution for waste management by out of box thinking. The objective is to arrive at model which achieves waste management with high degree of efficiency, reliability, environment sustainability and economic sustainability. The study will have deep impact on the way municipal solid waste is managed and the cities will be neater. It has tremendous environment benefits and green effects. Apart from managing waste the model can play a pivotal role in uniting and transforming the society for betterment. A totally decentralised waste management model with consumption / processing of waste at the point of waste generation itself will be an ideal solution in any waste management model. Practically this is not possible because it will be aiming for zero waste scenarios. However it is possible to process different components of waste within three basic tenets of waste management i.e. reduce, reuse and recycle. Waste processing is at the point of waste generation or nearest to waste generation points to minimise overhead cost expenses. “Waste transfer stations” are incorporated for movement of some waste elements to optimise related transportation efforts and costs. Waste processing units derived are public utilities and help in integrated city development. Waste to energy micro biogas plants, micro composting units and scientifically capped micro landfills are utilised for basic wastes processing. The model arrived at is self financed, simple to execute, robust, environmentally sustainable, economically sustainable, has infinite life cycle and seamless integration with city development. Decentralised waste processing approach and concept of scientifically capped micro landfills result in extinction of conventional landfills and all related environmental issues. Administration of model needs effective planning, necessary framework of Rules & Regulations, result oriented mass communication, nothing less than 100% sincerity on the part of municipalities since they are the only visible administrative face in waste management and 100% quality of works. Substantial ground results can be derived in a definite time frame of 3 years with requisite dedication and sincerity on the part of executioners and all stake holders.

Keywords: Out of box thinking, integrated city development, public utility waste processing units, waste transfer stations, inbuilt robustness and scientifically capped micro landfill.

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1. Report of the Task Force on Waste to Energy (Volume I) (In the context of Integrated MSW Management) Click Here
2. Report of the Task Force on Waste to Energy (Volume II) Click Here

3. Energy from Waste – Clean, efficient, renewable: Transitions in combustion efficiency and NOx controlClick Here